Energy Efficiency of Multi-Family Residential Buildings National Programme

Energy Efficiency of Multi-Family Residential Buildings National Programme


The Energy Efficiency of Multi-Family Residential Buildings National Programme has been oriented to the renovation of multi-family residential buildings with a main objective to secure better living conditions for the residents in the multi-family residential buildings, heat comfort and higher quality of living environment through implementation of energy efficiency measures.

The implementation of energy efficiency measures in multi-family residential buildings will contribute to:

  • higher level of the energy efficiency of multi-family residential buildings and energy costs decrease.
  • improving the exploitation features for extending the life cycle of the buildings.
  • providing conditions of living environment in line with the sustainable development criteria.

Expected results and effects

  • Heat costs reduction for the households.
  • Improved residential infrastructure and change of the urban appearance.
  • Cleaner environment – saved green gas emissions (CO2, etc.).
  • Extending the life of the building that will have a higher price.

Benefits of the national programme

  • Achieving energy consumption decrease of the households and realization of cost savings through energy efficiency measures’ implementation.
  • Creating warmer, cozy and nice homes and renovated common areas of the buildings.

Economic effect

  • Giving more opportunities to business for economic activity – designers, construction industry, companies for technical audits, companies for energy efficiency audits, materials’ producers, etc.
  • Participation in the implementation of the programme of small and medium-sized companies from all over the country.

Social effect

  • Providing additional employment.
  • Establishing traditions in the management of multi-family residential buildings.
  • Increasing public awareness of the ways for energy efficiency enhancement.

Fiscal effect

Raising the incomes of all economic operators, participating in process under the programme – from the directly engaged companies external contractors to all companies – subcontractors, and servicing firms lead to increase of tax revenues in the state budget in the form of both direct taxes – corporation tax (profit tax), income tax (paid by all workers and employees) and indirect taxes - value added tax. This applies to also for the revenues in the state budget in the form of social and health insurances for the hired at a certain company.

Implementation model

The decentralisation implementation model where municipalities carry out acceptance of applications, evaluation, approval, provide funding, monitoring of the implementation of the measures for energy efficiency of buildings. A mayor of each municipality is responsible for carrying out the whole process on the renovation of residential buildings, located on their area and for the selection of contractors under the public procurement act for implementing the separate activities on buildings.

Eligible are all multi-family buildings, designed before April, 26, 1999 three or more floored buildings with six or more separate sites with residential use.

Funding eligible activities are:

  • Activities on structural reconstruction /strengthening/, overhaul depending on damages that occurred during the exploitation of multi-family residential buildings, that have been prescribed as obligatory for the building in the technical audit.
  • Renovation of common areas of multi-family residential buildings (roof, facade, staircase, etc.).
  • Implementation of energy efficiency measures, prescribed as required for the building in the energy efficiency audit.
  • Concomitant construction and assembly works related to the implementation of energy efficiency measures and the relevant rehabilitation of common areas of the building as a result of the implemented measures with energy saving effect.

The attendant construction and assembly works are related only with the restoration of the initial state, broken as a consequence of the renovation of the common areas and the change of joinery in the separate site. The most effective package of energy saving measures for the building is financed under the programme, where energy consumption class C in line with Ordinance 7 of 2004 (for energy efficiency, heat storage and energy saving in buildings) has been achieved. Territorial range activities under the programme have been implemented throughout the Republic of Bulgaria in the 265 municipalities.

The programme has been implemented through a financial resource totaling 1 billion leva that could be increased if additional funds are provided. The programme is promoted by the poor condition of many multi-family dwelling buildings:

-The high energy consumption for heating in these buildings.

-The state of energy poverty of their tenants.

Th programme benefits the general and vulnerable population.

  • Bulgaria

  • Geographical scale:
  • Energy poverty phase:
  • Intervention type:
  • Professionals involved:
  • Type of funding:
    National funds
  • SDGs addressed:

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